32, Panteleymonovskaya Street. Apartment house of Shykhman
The apartment house of Shykhman is one of the durable and reliable houses of the rational Art Nouveau period of the 1910s years, when texture and sketchiness became the most important ways of exterior expressiveness unlike the sculpture and the elements of architectural decor. Along with very strict and unpretentious facades, the planning of the building is well made from the functional point of view, and the entrance halls saved the interesting examples of the woodwork and casting art of the period of the building.
Type of building: apartment house
Style: rational Art Nouveau
Architect: А. I. Goltsvurm (?)
Date of building: the 1910s years, the exact year is unknown
Status: local architectural monument
In the list of Odessa heritage monuments, the record about the house by address 32, Panteleymonovskaya Street, lacks the data concerning the date of building, the proprietor and the author of the project, however, according to the planning, sculptural design of pediment and door design, it is possible to attribute it as A.I. Goltsvurm architect heritage. The house belonging is theoretically marked as according to the data given in the manuals of house proprietors in the 1910-s years.
This house can be surely considered as one of the most comfortable dwelling houses on Panteleymonovskaya Street. General planning structure of the site building is quite simple. To the four-storeyed face building two tree-storeyed wings are attached, and in the yard it is completed by the backside four-storeyed wing with wide, squared staircase.
Fragments of the main facade
On the façade the moulded decoration is present only nearby the central pediment. The garland turning the lucarne has the traces of typical Goltsvurm style. The rest of the facade is decorated with textured blades and conditional panels without decor.
The balcony fences are made with the same technique as the one on 104, Panteleymonovskaya Street (probably also created by Goltsvurm) and the house of Markov on 51, Malaya Arnautskaya (architects M. D. Shulgin and M.Markov).
Arch of passage
Similarity with the house of Markov can be observed in the shape of dripstones the side wings entrances in Shykhman house, which look like the dripstones of the facade windows of the house of Markov. This way there is a certain probability that the architect Shulgin also participated in the building designing.
Yard tap, the construction of which is made following the house style (however its type is not uncommon)
On the right side from the passage arch to the yard decorated with the remained crowning of the lost original gates, the entrance to the main entrance hall is located the sluice of which is decorated with Greek and flower ornaments. The staircase itself is located directly above the arch and the windows of the entrance hall face the central risalit of the building from the yard side. From the original decoration in the entrance hall rare due to the paintings railings were saved (the motif —“trees of life”), panel or bifold doors (which are closer to the ornamental rather than rational Art Nouveau) and showy black and yellow floor tile.
Main entrance hall
In the centre of each side wings of the house one in front of the other the entrances in the entrance halls are located which are much more discreet concerning the decoration. Latticed frames of their windows are similar to those ones which were installed in the building of Dobrovolskiy. Reserved original doors seem to be identical to the main entrance doors however, after closer look some differences can be noticed: the lower parts are decorated with triple flower ornament (in the main entrance hall it is doubled) what is caused by the larger width of the doors which is, by the way, the simplified modification of the door in the house of Wolf and Trandafilova (architects I.Goltsvurm and F.E. Kiuner). In the backside wing the panel door even more simplified can be found.
Doors of the side wings
Entrance halls of the side wings (identical)
There, in the backside wing a long vestibule is installed as the staircase is located close to the back wall and the windows of the entrance hall face the neighbouring site. The ceiling of the vestibule is decorated with the moulding in classical style. At the foot of the staircase a very rare ornament of the concrete-mosaic is located, and more simple ornaments decorate the floor of the other staircases in all three yard entrance halls. They are absent only in the main one, the floor of which, as it was already mentioned above, is covered by the tile.In the yard entrance halls the original stair railings were saved, absolutely identical for all of them. Their design was quite spread in the city and typical for the 1910s years — such railings were used for example in the houses of dwelling complex of the First community of the house proprietors on 5, Pirogova Street. (architect — Ya. Ponomarenko).
Entrance hall of the backside wing
References and archives
- “Architects of Odessa”. V. Pilyavskiy
- “Architecture of Odessa. Style and time” V. Pilyavskiy
- “Buildings, construction, monuments of Odessa and their architects”. V. Pilyavskiy
- Article about the house in the blog Antique