81/1, Kanatnaya Street
81/1, Kanatnaya Street. Dwelling building of Pavlovskiy houses complex with low-cost apartments
The building number 1 was the first construction of the complex, and the only one erected during lifetime of F. V. Gonsiorowskiy.The architecture of the house actually dictated the further development of the quarter.
About complex 81/1, Kanatnaya Street 81/2, Kanatnaya Street 81/3, Kanatnaya Street 81/4, Kanatnaya Street 81/5, Kanatnaya Street 81/6, Kanatnaya Street
Type of building: dwelling house, a building of residential complex
Style: eclecticism, Renaissance
Architect: F. V. Gasiorowskiy
Date of building: 1885-1887
Status: local architectural monument
Other addresses: 11, Italianskiy Boulevard
The building no. 1 (or building of Gonsiorowskiy), is a three-storey building, sustained in Renaissance style. Despite the incorrect shape of the occupied site, both of its facial facades are symmetrical. Their central parts, shifted from the building line deep into the site, together with the side wings form small yards — front gardens, fenced off from the street by the forged fence (preserved only from Kanatnaya Street side).
Fence of the basement
In the corners of the front gardens doorways to the entrance halls are arranged. In the building number 1 there are five; three of them have two entrances — from the front garden and the courtyard side, one — only from the courtyard. The fifth one is located in the corner wing and has not a passage to the yard, but there are two entrances as well, one of which is from the facade side and is located on the building line of Kanatnaya Street, the second — is arranged in the above-mentioned front garden.
Doorways to the entrance halls
In each of the entrance halls the doorways are on the same axis and lead to an elongated lobby, occupying the ends of it. Three-arch arcade separating the lobby from the staircase is located (approximately) at the center of one side of the lobby.
Lobbies of the entrance halls
The staircase is square in plan, with short flight of stairs and simple low-cost fences. There are three flights of stairs between floors, with two small landings between them. External sides of flights of stairs are based on the massive arched structures into which gaps stair banisters are embedded.
The first floor is identical in layout to the ground one. The same arcade is arranged here, and a similar oblong volume corresponds to the ground floor lobby. The staircase is lit by windows facing a specially equipped light well, overlapped by a glass lantern and serves also as means of lighting for a variety of service areas in the apartments (pantries, bathrooms, etc.). Each of the five entrance halls is provided with such well. The second floor has no arcade, and its staircase ends in fences with four stone posts.
In general, despite the modesty of the interior decoration (taking into consideration the building destination), entrance halls, designed by Gonsiorowskiy, are characterized by an interesting game of space, light and geometry. Equally with an aesthetic side, and practical, rational side is thought out well.
Facades of the house, as already mentioned, along the building lines are symmetrical, corners of the wings are highlighted by pilasters with Corinthian capitals, and the center of each facade plane is marked out by a shallow risalit.
The second storey is lavishly decorated; the windows are topped with semicircular hoodmolds on the molded corbels with fine floral decoration (in central risalits, shifted from the building line of the wings, there are also classic, triangular hoodmolds).
Decoration of the second storey
Window openings of the first and second storeys are flanked by pilasters at the edges and walls piers of the first storey are covered by the deep horizontal rustication.
Decoration of the first storey
Decoration of the third storey
The central risalits of the facade planes on building lines are crowned by broken pediments, in general terms borrowed from the Baroque architecture.
On the plinth of the facade on Kanatnaya Street there is an advertising plate of the architect, illustrating one of the spelling of his surname — F. V. Gonsyurowskiy (original spelling saved).
The building, built by Gonsiorowskiy, was the last large-scale work of the architect (who died in 1891 at the station Ob).
References and Archives
- «Architects of Odessa». B. Pilyavskiy
- «Architecture of Odessa. Style and time». B. Pilyavskiy
- «Buildings, structures, monuments of Odessa and architects». B. Pilyavskiy
- Dmitry Shamatazhi, photographer and compiler
- Alexander Levitsky, art director, photographer and colorist
- Marina Tomenko, translator
1887 1895 F. V. Gasiorowskiy residential complex Italianskiy Boulevard Kanatnaya Street Pavlovskiy houses with low-cost apartments Renaissance eclecticism